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Title The Problem of Humanism in M. Gorky’s Essay “A. A. Blok”
Author(s) Natalia N. Primochkina.
Information about the author(s) Natalia N. Primochkina, DSc in Philology, Leading Research Fellow, А.M.Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: nprim47@yandex.ru
Received July 09, 2016
Published September 25, 2016
Issue Vol. 1, no 1–2
Department Russian literature
Pages 278-285
DOI DOI:10.22455/ 2500-4247-2016-1-1-2-278-285
UDK 821.161.1
BBK 83.3 (2Рос=Рус)
Abstract The article examines one of the most important problems of Gorky’s work — a problem of humanism. It relates the history of creation of Gorky’s essay “A.A.Blok” (1923) to the author’s reflections about deformation of the old and the birth of the new humanism in post-revolutionary era. Gorky was one of the few Blok’s contemporaries who understood the poet’s concern about the collapse of the old humanism in the world torn by wars and revolutions. It was Gorky who listen- ing to Blok’s presentation “Heine in Russia” was so affected by it that proposed to devote a special seminar related to this theme in the department of the publishing house “World Literature.” This seminar prompted Blok to write his famous article, “The Collapse of Humanism” (1919).
Keywords M.Gorky, the problem of humanism, life and work of AlexanderBlok.
Works cited 1 Bely A. Dnevnik pisatelia [The writer’s diary]. Zapiski mechtatelei [Notes of the Dreamers], 1921, no 2–3, pp. 113–131. (In Russ.) 2 Bely A. Na perevale. III. Krizis kul’tury [On the pass. III. The crisis of culture]. Petersburg, Alkonost Publ., 1920. 116 p. (In Russ.) 3 Blok A. Sobranie sochinenii v 8 t. [Collected works: In 8 vol.]. Moscow, Leningrad, GIKhL Publ., 1962. 556 p. (In Russ.) 4 Gorky M. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii. Pis’ma: v 24 t. [Complete collection of works. Letters: In 24 vol.] Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1997. (In Russ.) 5 Gorky M. Polnoe sobranie sochinenii. Khudozhestvennye proizvedeniia: v 25 t. [Complete collection of works. Fiction: In 25 vol.]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1973. (In Russ.) 6 Ivanov Vyach. Kruchi [Steep slopes]. Zapiski mechtatelei [Notes of the dreamers], 1919, no 1, pp. 103–118. (In Russ.) 7 Primochkina N. N. Problema gumanizma v esteticheskikh vozzreniiakh A. Bloka (1917–1921) [The problem of humanism in Blok’s aesthetic views (1917–1921)]. Filologicheskie nauki [Philological studies], 1978, no 2, pp. 3–12. (In Russ.)
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