Title Dialogue and Dialogism in the Novels of Crébillon-fils
Author(s) Veronika D. Altashina
Information about the author(s) Veronika D. Altashina, PhD in philology, Professor, St. Petersburg State University, 7/9 Universitetskaya emb., St. Petersburg, 199034 Russia. E-mail: nikaalt@bk.ru
Received July 17, 2016
Published September 25, 2016
Issue Vol. 1, no 1–2
Department World Literature
Pages 140-152
DOI DOI:10.22455/ 2500-4247-2016-1-1-2-140-152
BBK 83.3 (4 Фр)
Abstract Conversation was highly relevant for the 17th and 18th century French aristocratic culture; a simple talk quickly grew into a “real” social ritual with its inner structure and “poetics.” Likewise, it influenced French literature that used a dialogue as a mode of narration, a way of expressing historical and philosophical ideas. Under the influence of the parlor culture, there developed a widespread genre of a novel-dialogue which origin may be traced back to the ancient tradition including the works of Plato who maintained ontological priority of the dialogue; in the dialogue, many philosophers have seen conditions necessary for the appearance of the individual and subjective conceptualization (“I” needs “You” for the sense of self). Dialogue is the form of narration in the novels by Crébillon-fils (1707–1777) La Nuit et le moment ou les matines de Cythère: dialogue (1755) and Le Hasard du coin du feu. Dialogue moral (1763). Both novels represent high society and focus mainly on the life of “libertines” who practice the principles of freedom of body and spirit yet at the same time are constrained by dominant behavior rules including the rules of conversation. Crébillon is skillfully using a widespread conversational form for popularizing the ideas of sensualism and libertinage. Also, Crébillon is employing dialogue as a device to make his works diverse and psychologically deep (cf.: a dialogue of a character with himself as he hovers between opinions; ongoing dialogue of the author with the reader; dialogue with other authors by direct and hidden quotes from their work; references to the author’s own works).
Keywords novel-dialogue, Crébillon-fils, dialogism, diegesis, libertinage, Enlightenment.
Works cited 1 Barthes R. Izbrannye raboty [Selected works]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1994. 616 p. 2 Buber M. Dva obraza very [Two Images of faith]. Moscow, Respublika Publ., 1995. 464 p. 3 Gasparov M.L. Zapisi i vypiski [Essays and extracts]. Moscow, NLO Publ., 2001. 416 p. (In Russ.) 4 Humboldt V. Izbrannye trudy po jazykoznaniju [Selected works in linguistics]. Moscow, Progress Publ., 1984. 400 p. 5 Lifinceva T.P. Filosofija dialoga Martina Bubera [Martin Buber’s philosophy of dialogue]. Moscow, IFRAN Publ., 1999. 134 p. (In Russ.) 6 Montesquieu Sh. L. de. Persidskie pis’ma [Persian letters]. Moscow, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo hudozhestvennoj literatury Publ., 1956. 398 p. 7 Radzihovskij L.A. Problema dialogizma soznanija v trudah M.M.Bahtina [The Problem of dialogic consciousness in the works of M. Bakhtin]. Voprosy filosofii [Literary issues], 1985, no 6, pp. 103–116. (In Russ.) 8 Craveri B. L’Âge de la conversation [The Age of conversation]. Paris, Gallimard Publ., 2002. 680 p. 9 Crébillon-fils. Le Hasard du coin du feu [Fortunes in the Fire]. Œuvres complètes. Maestricht, chez Jean-Edme Dufour et Phil. Roux Publ., 1779. Vol. 5, pp. 1–149. 10 Crébillon-fils. La Nuit et le moment [The Opportunities of a Night]. Œuvres complètes. Maestricht, chez Jean-Edme Dufour et Phil. Roux Publ., 1779. Vol. 5, pp. 151–311. 11 Delon M. Le savoir-vivre libertin. Paris, Hachette, 2000. 348 p. 12 Duclos Ch. Les confessions du comte de *** [Confessions of Count de ***]. Romanciers du XVIII siècle. Paris, Gallimard Publ., 1965. Vol. 2, pp. 197–301. 13 Genette G . Figures III [Figures III]. Paris, Seuils Publ., 2002. 286 p. 14 Viart T. Les dialogues de Crébillon fils, genèse et bonne fortune d’un topos romanesque [Crébillon fils’dialogues, genesis and good fortune of novel’s topos]. Homo narrativus. Recherches sur la topique romanesque dans les fictions de langue française avant 1800. Montpellier, Nathalie Ferrand et Michèle Weil Publ., 2001, pp. 221–231.
Full version of the article Download