Jörg Schulte

Information about the author(s)

Jörg Schulte, Professor of Slavic Studies, Institute of Slavic Studies, University of Cologne, Weyertal 137, 50931 Cologne, Germany. E-mail: j.schulte@uni-koeln.de


July 15, 2016


December 25, 2016




World literature




DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2016-1-3-4-82-91


УДК 821.14’02.0Гомер


ББК 83.3(0)321-8


The articles proposes a new interpretation of the Homeric myth of the gates of horn and ivory that occurs in Book 19 of the Odyssey. It first argues that horn (the material of the southern gate in neoplatonic commentaries) can be found in the sign of Capricornus. More complex is the argument that also ivory (the material of the northern gate in neoplatonic commentaries) is derived from astronomical myths: the myths discussed are the myth of Adonis (beginning with the story about the ivory statue carved by Pygmalion), the myths of the Erymanthian, Studia Litterarum. Vol. 1, no 3–4 Jörg Schulte 83 the Calydonian, and the Ephesian boars, the myth of Orion, and the myth of the constellation ursa major. An enquiry into the occurance of ivory in Greek mythology leads to the hypothesis that the constellation ursa major was identified with a boar (with ivory tusks). The hypothesis implies that the gates of horn and ivory were already at the times of Homer understood as an astronomical myth that described the northernmost and southernmost points of the sky.


Homer myth, the myth of Adonis, the myths of the Erymanthian, the Calydonian, and the Ephesian boars, the myths of Orion and of the constellation ursa major

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