Title The Contemporary Gorky Studies
Author(s) L. A. Spiridonova
Information about the author(s) Lidya A. Spiridonova, DSc in Philology, Professor, Head of Department, А. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Povarskaya 25 a, 121069 Moscow, Russia. E-mail: spirlid@mail.ru
Received 27 October 2016
Published 25 Dec 2016
Issue № 3-4
Department Academic Life
Pages 419-433
DOI DOI: 10.22455/2500-4247-2016-1-3-4-419-433
UDK 821.161.1
BBK 84(2Рос=Рус)
Abstract The A. M. Gorky Institute of World Literature is acknowledged center of the international Gorky Studies. The paper discusses all the stages of the development of the Gorky research from 1937 to the present. The Institute published: Gorky’s collected works in 30 volumes (1949–1955), complete academic edition of his fictional works in 25 volumes, and 10 volumes of their editions (1968–1980). It is publishing a second series of Letters in 24 volumes (18 volumes have come out in the period from 1997 through 2016). Among other publications, there are 12 volumes of the Gorky archives, 3 volumes of his Literary Heritage, and proceedings of the annual “Gorky Readings.” A new phase of Gorky Studies began after the abandonment of a Marxist-Leninist approach to literary studies. This phase is characterized by the objectivity of scholarly analysis, focus on the obscure spots of Gorky’s biography and work, and use of the hitherto unknown archival materials. In parallel to the publication of Letters (a third part of letters in each volume is published for the first time), IWL resumed a series entitled M. Gorky. Materials and Research: in 1998–2016 there were published 13 collections, now two more are getting ready for publication. These editions include Gorky’s correspondence with V. Lenin, I. Stalin, L. Kamenev, G. Zinoviev, G. Berya and others, documentary testimony of the writer’s ailment and death, and hitherto unknown memories of his contemporaries. The serial publication of Gorky Readings reflects the work of the annual academic conferences held in Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, and Kazan. These proceedings have rendered Gorky Studies to a new methodological level in that they attempt to reveal the face of the “real” Gorky, deprived of both a classical gloss and unjustified denigration.
Keywords M. Gorky, art, works, books, letters, edition.
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